Journal article

The relationship of acute insulin sensitivity to the progression of vascular disease in long-term type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus.

FI Martin, JL Hopper

Diabetologia | Published : 1987


In 51 individuals with Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus initially of more than 15 years' duration, the acute hypoglycaemic effect of intravenous insulin (0.11 IU/kg) was related to outcome over 18 years. This acute insulin sensitivity, or glucose assimilation index, was reproducible over the period of study. At 18-year follow-up, initial low glucose assimilation index (less than 0.082 mmol X l-1 X min-1 was significantly (p less than 0.01) associated with death from vascular disease. Low glucose assimilation index was similarly significantly (p less than 0.01) associated with progression of atherosclerotic disease, but not with microangiopathy alone. Hypertension (systolic blood ..

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