Rapid diagnostic test for hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer kindred using polymerase chain reaction.
IG Faragher, RH Whitehead
Dis Colon Rectum | Published : 1998
PURPOSE: We have identified a mutation in the hMLH1 gene from the proband of a hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer kindred. We wished to develop a rapid test for this specific mutation to facilitate screening of other family members. METHOD: An allele-specific polymerase chain reaction strategy was used to detect a T insertion at the + 3 splice site post exon 9 in the hMLH1 gene. The test was evaluated on DNA in which the mutation status was known. RESULTS: A 130-base pair fragment was reliably amplified using the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. The test is able to identify the mutant allele and to distinguish between normal, carriers (heterozygous), and tumor DNA samples. T..View full abstract