Delineation of three pathways of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis in Leishmania mexicana. Precursors from different pathways are assembled on distinct pools of phosphatidylinositol and undergo fatty acid remodeling.
JE Ralton, MJ McConville
J Biol Chem | Published : 1998
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) glycolipids are major cell surface constituents in the Leishmania parasites. Distinct classes of GPI are present as membrane anchors for several surface glycoproteins and an abundant lipophosphoglycan as well as being the major glycolipids (GIPLs) in the plasma membrane. In this study we have identified putative precursors for the protein and lipophosphoglycan anchors and delineated the complete pathway for GIPL biosynthesis in Leishmania mexicana promastigotes. Based on the structural analyses of these GPI intermediates and their kinetics of labeling in vivo and in cell-free systems, we provide evidence that the GIPLs are the products of an independent bio..View full abstract