Structure of Leishmania lipophosphoglycan: inter- and intra-specific polymorphism in Old World species.
MJ McConville, LF Schnur, C Jaffe, P Schneider
Biochem J | Published : 1995
The most abundant surface macromolecule on the promastigote stage of leishmanial parasites is a polymorphic lipophosphoglycan (LPG). We have elucidated the structures of two new LPGs, from Leishmania tropica (LRC-L36) and L. aethiopica (LRC-L495), and investigated the nature of intra-specific polymorphism in the previously characterized LPG of L. major (LRC-L456 and -L580). These molecules contain a phosphoglycan chain, made up of repeating PO4-6Gal beta 1-4Man units and a conserved hexaglycosyl-phosphatidylinositol membrane anchor. Extensive polymorphism occurs in the extent to which the LPG repeat units are substituted with different glycan side chains. The L. tropica LPG is the most compl..View full abstract