Gastric adenocarinoma of the upper oesophagus: A literature review and case report.
Georgina E Riddiough, Steve T Hornby, Khashayar Asadi, Ahmed Aly
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports | Published : 2017
BACKGROUND: Ectopic gastric mucosa (EGM) otherwise termed gastric heterotopia or gastric inlet patch occurs in approximately 2.5% of the population. Adenocarcinoma uncommonly involves the upper oesophagus, rarely arising from gastric heterotopia or submucosal glands. Currently, there are 58 cases in the literature of oesophageal adenocarcinoma arising within areas of EGM. To date no paper has differentiated between gastric or intestinal type adenocarcinoma. This case, which describes adenocarcinoma arising within EGM, exhibited a different immunophenotype reminiscent of gastric type glands, in the absence of intestinal metaplasia. This case should be regarded as a different type of carcinoma..View full abstract