Journal article

A necessary unity: The articulation of ecological and social explanations of behaviour

M Minnegal

The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute | Wiley-Blackwell | Published : 1996

Abstract

This article is concerned with the way that ecological and social factors interact to influence behaviour, and takes issue with those who ascribe causal priority to one or the other set of factors. Ecological relationships are identified as those that affect the material outcome that can be expected from an action; social relationships are identified as those that affect the use an actor could make of that outcome. This distinction maps onto that between production and consumption, between the simultaneous acquisition and utilization of resources which is entailed in all action. Both classes of relationship constrain the value of an action and thus affect the probability of its reproduction;..

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