Journal article

Experimental hookworm infection and escalating gluten challenges are associated with increased microbial richness in celiac subjects

Paul Giacomin, Martha Zakrzewski, John Croese, Xiaopei Su, Javier Sotillo, Leisa McCann, Severine Navarro, Makedonka Mitreva, Lutz Krause, Alex Loukas, Cinzia Cantacessi

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2015

Abstract

The intestinal microbiota plays a critical role in the development of the immune system. Recent investigations have highlighted the potential of helminth therapy for treating a range of inflammatory disorders, including celiac disease (CeD); however, the mechanisms by which helminths modulate the immune response of the human host and ameliorate CeD pathology are unknown. In this study, we investigated the potential role of alterations in the human gut microbiota in helminth-mediated suppression of an inflammatory disease. We assessed the qualitative and quantitative changes in the microbiota of human volunteers with CeD prior to and following infection with human hookworms, and following cha..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by grants 1052938 to C.C., 613718 to P.G., and 1037304 and 1020114 to A.L. from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC), and from James Cook University (FMHMS 2013 grants round) and the Isaac Newton Trust/Wellcome Trust ISSF/University of Cambridge Joint Research Grants Scheme to C.C.