Journal article

First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in Italy

Domenico Otranto, Cinzia Cantacessi, Egidio Mallia, Riccardo Paolo Lia

Journal of Wildlife Diseases | WILDLIFE DISEASE ASSOC, INC | Published : 2007

Abstract

Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) infects the eyes of humans and rabbits as well of domestic and wild carnivores (i.e., dogs, cats, and foxes). The first three cases of infection by T. callipaeda eyeworms in wolves (Canis lupus) are here described with up to 96 nematodes collected from a single animal. The host competence of wolf was demonstrated by the retrieval of adult worms in the eyes of all examined animals. All nematodes collected were evaluated by morphologic and molecular techniques. Sequence analysis of the partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) confirmed that only one haplotype of T. callipaeda was present. The competence of wolves as a definit..

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