Journal article

THE STRUCTURE AND EXPRESSION OF THE MURINE GENE ENCODING GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY STIMULATING FACTOR - EVIDENCE FOR UTILIZATION OF ALTERNATIVE PROMOTERS

E STANLEY, D METCALF, P SOBIESZCZUK, NM GOUGH, AR DUNN

EMBO JOURNAL | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 1985

Abstract

Two overlapping genomic clones containing the murine granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene have been isolated. On the basis of transfection experiments, we have established that a 9-kb BamHI fragment from one of these recombinants encodes biologically active GM-CSF. As deduced from nucleotide sequence analysis, the GM-CSF gene comprises four exons encompassing 2.5 kb of genomic DNA. Primer extension analysis of GM-CSF mRNA identifies a transcriptional initiation site 35 bp upstream of a single translational initiation codon in-frame with the GM-CSF coding sequences and 28 bp downstream of a TATA promoter consensus sequence. Pre-GM-CSF molecules encoded by mRNAs origi..

View full abstract