Hyperpolarization and relaxation of arterial smooth muscle caused by nitric oxide derived from the endothelium.
M Tare, HC Parkington, HA Coleman, TO Neild, GJ Dusting
Nature | Published : 1990
Stimulation of the endothelial lining of arteries with acetylcholine results in the release of a diffusible substance that relaxes and hyperpolarizes the underlying smooth muscle. Nitric oxide (NO) has been a candidate for this substance, termed endothelium-derived relaxing factor. But there are several observations that argue against the involvement of NO in acetylcholine-induced hyperpolarization. First, exogenous NO has no effect on the membrane potential of canine mesenteric arteries. Second, although haemoglobin (believed to bind and inactivate NO (refs 11-15)) and methylene blue (which prevents the stimulation of guanylate cyclase) inhibit relaxation, neither has an effect on hyperpola..View full abstract