Butorphanol compared with fentanyl in general anaesthesia for ambulatory laparoscopy.
BK Philip, DA Scott, D Freiberger, RR Gibbs, C Hunt, E Murray
Can J Anaesth | Published : 1991
Butorphanol was compared with fentanyl as the narcotic component of general anaesthesia for ambulatory laparoscopic surgery. This double-blind, randomized study enrolled 60 healthy women who received equianalgesic doses of fentanyl 1 microgram.kg-1 (F, n = 30) or butorphanol 20 micrograms.kg-1 (B, n = 30) prior to induction of anaesthesia. Tracheal anaesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide/oxygen, isoflurane, and succinylcholine by infusion. Intraoperatively, patients who received B demonstrated lower pulse rate before and after intubation (P less than 0.05, P less than 0.01) and lower diastolic blood pressure after intubation (P less than 0.01). Anesthesiologists judged the maintenance ..View full abstract