Neurologic changes during carotid endarterectomy under cervical block predict a high risk of postoperative stroke.
MJ Davies, PH Mooney, DA Scott, BS Silbert, RJ Cook
Anesthesiology | Published : 1993
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to confirm a previous report that patients having neurologic changes with carotid artery clamping were at greater risk of developing permanent postoperative neurologic complications after carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: Superficial and deep cervical plexus blocks were performed in 389 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. The patients were premedicated and sedated to a level that allowed awake neurologic assessment. Intraoperative neurologic changes were recorded and all patients were examined postoperatively by an independent anesthesiologist to record postoperative neurologic outcome. RESULTS: Trial carotid artery cross clamping resulted in 24% ..View full abstract