Journal article

SIGNALING PATHWAYS IN CARDIAC-FAILURE

RJ SUMMERS, LR MCMARTIN, A KOMPA, XH GU, P MOLENAAR

CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE PUBL AUSTR | Published : 1995

Abstract

UNLABELLED: 1. Cardiac failure in humans and in animal models is associated with a marked desensitization of the catecholamine signalling pathway. 2. Beta 1- and beta 2- and possibly beta 3-adrenoceptors (beta-AR) are found in the hearts of humans and common laboratory animals such as rats and guinea-pigs. In rats and guinea-pigs chronic stimulation of cardiac beta-AR leads to a rapid loss of beta 2-AR whereas heart failure in humans is associated with a loss of beta 1-AR or beta 1-AR and beta 2-AR. 3. Desensitization is also associated with phosphorylation of beta-AR by beta-AR kinase (beta-ARK) and uncoupling of receptors from the signalling pathway. Beta-ARK but not beta-arrestin activity..

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