Journal article

HEMITONIC SEIZURES - ETIOLOGIC AND DIAGNOSTIC CONSIDERATIONS

D ONEIL, E BYRNE, L ROBERTS, P GATES

ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA | MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD | Published : 1991

Abstract

Intermittent unilateral tonic posturing of the limbs may relate to focal motor epilepsy, intermittent dystonia or hysteria, and diagnosis may be difficult. Five patients are presented who illustrate two distinct hemitonic syndromes which we believe to be epileptic, namely forced elevation of one arm and paroxysmal hemispasm. It is suggested that these attacks follow an irritative lesion involving the supplementary motor cortex and a deep lesion involving striatothalamic projections respectively. Brevity of episodes, their stereotyped nature and rapid response to anticonvulsant drugs supports an epileptic etiology. The term paroxysmal hemidystonia may not be appropriate for patients with inte..

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University of Melbourne Researchers