An epidemiological study of cerebral palsy in Western Australia, 1956-1975. III: Postnatal aetiology.
E Blair, FJ Stanley
Dev Med Child Neurol | Published : 1982
Cases of cerebral palsy which apparently were due to some postnatal event were studied in the Western Australian Cerebral Palsy Register. 11 per cent (89) of all cases were thought to be so acquired, a rate of 2.4 per 10,000 neonatal survivors. Males, particularly under 12 months of age, were especially vulnerable. Infections such as meningitis and encephalitis, particularly among aboriginal children, were responsible for over half the cases and accidents were responsible for one-quarter. Other causes included epileptic fits and cerebrovascular accidents. There was a positive association with parity and neonatal problems and a negative one with birthweight, suggesting that children 'at risk'..View full abstract