Intrapartum asphyxia: a rare cause of cerebral palsy.
E Blair, FJ Stanley
J Pediatr | Published : 1988
Data on all children with spastic cerebral palsy (N = 183) and on a matched group of control children (N = 549) born in Western Australia between 1975 and 1980 were compared to investigate the relationship between birth asphyxia and spastic cerebral palsy. Information on perinatal events for both the children with cerebral palsy and the control subjects was collected by means of epidemiologic methods to reduce bias. An association between clinically observed perinatal signs of birth asphyxia and spastic cerebral palsy was found (relative risk 2.84; 95% confidence interval 1.85 to 4.37). The population-attributable risk proportion was 14.1%. The likelihood of birth asphyxia's causing perinata..View full abstract