Review: Fetal-maternal communication via extracellular vesicles - Implications for complications of pregnancies.
Stefanie Adam, Omar Elfeky, Vyjayanthi Kinhal, Suchismita Dutta, Andrew Lai, Nanthini Jayabalan, Zarin Nuzhat, Carlos Palma, Gregory E Rice, Carlos Salomon
Placenta | Published : 2017
The maternal physiology experiences numerous changes during pregnancy which are essential in controlling and maintaining maternal metabolic adaptations and fetal development. The human placenta is an organ that serves as the primary interface between the maternal and fetal circulation, thereby supplying the fetus with nutrients, blood and oxygen through the umbilical cord. During gestation, the placenta continuously releases several molecules into maternal circulation, including hormones, proteins, RNA and DNA. Interestingly, the presence of extracellular vesicles (EVs) of placental origin has been identified in maternal circulation across gestation. EVs can be categorised according to their..View full abstract