Journal article

Regulation of insulin receptor signaling by the protein tyrosine phosphatase TCPTP

S Galic, M Klingler-Hoffmann, MT Fodero-Tavoletti, MA Puryer, TC Meng, NK Tonks, T Tiganis

MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

The human protein tyrosine phosphatase TCPTP exists as two forms: an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted 48-kDa form (TC48) and a nuclear 45-kDa form (TC45). Although targeted to the nucleus, TC45 can exit in response to specific stimuli to dephosphorylate cytoplasmic substrates. In this study, we investigated the downregulation of insulin receptor (IR) signaling by TCPTP. In response to insulin stimulation, the TC48-D182A and TC45-D182A "substrate-trapping" mutants formed stable complexes with the endogenous tyrosine-phosphorylated IR beta-subunit in 293 cells. Moreover, in response to insulin stimulation, the TC45-D182A mutant accumulated in the cytoplasm of cells overexpressing the IR and in p..

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