Journal article

Trauma exposure in children with and without ADHD: prevalence and functional impairment in a community-based study of 6-8-year-old Australian children

Elizabeth J Schilpzand, Emma Sciberras, Eva Alisic, Daryl Efron, Philip Hazell, Brad Jongeling, Vicki Anderson, Jan M Nicholson

EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY | SPRINGER | Published : 2018

Abstract

Both ADHD and trauma exposure are common childhood problems, but there are few empirical data regarding the association between the two conditions. The aims of this study were to compare lifetime prevalence of trauma exposure in children with and without ADHD, and to explore the association between trauma exposure and outcomes in children with ADHD. Children aged 6-8 years with ADHD (n = 179) and controls (n = 212) recruited from 43 schools were assessed for ADHD, trauma exposure and comorbid mental health disorders using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children IV. Outcome data were collected by direct child assessment, parent report and teacher-report, and included ADHD symptom sever..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship in Population Health


Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship


Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship


Awarded by NHMRC Senior Practitioner Fellowship


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; project Grant No. 1008522), the Collier Foundation and the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute. Dr Sciberras' position is funded by an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship in Population Health 1037159 (2012-2015) and an NHMRC Career Development Fellowship 1110688 (2016-2019). Dr Alisic's position is funded by an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship 1090229 (2015-2019). Professor Anderson is funded by an NHMRC Senior Practitioner Fellowship 607333 (2010-2014). Professor Nicholson is supported by the Australian Communities Foundation through the Roberta Holmes Chair for the Transition to Contemporary Parenthood Program (Coronella sub-fund). This research was supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program to the MCRI. Dr Efron's position is funded by a Murdoch Childrens Research Institute Clinician Scientist Fellowship. We would like to acknowledge all research assistants, students and interns who contributed to data collection for this study. We would also like to thank the many families, teachers, and schools for their participation in this study. Some study data were collected and managed using REDCap electronic data capture tools hosted at MCRI. REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture) is a secure, web-based application designed to support data capture for research studies.