Journal article

The cultural aspect: How to measure and interpret epidemiological data on alcohol-use disorders across cultures

Jurgen Rehm, Robin Room

NORDIC STUDIES ON ALCOHOL AND DRUGS | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2017

Abstract

Aims: To examine the cultural impact on the diagnosis of alcohol-use disorders using European countries as examples. Design: Narrative review. Results: There are strong cultural norms guiding heavy drinking occasions and loss of control. These norms not only indicate what drinking behaviour is acceptable, but also whether certain behaviours can be reported or not. As modern diagnostic systems are based on lists of mostly behavioural criteria, where alcohol-use disorders are defined by a positive answer on at least one, two or three of these criteria, culture will inevitably co-determine how many people will get a diagnosis. This explains the multifold differences in incidence and prevalence ..

View full abstract