Journal article

The importance of sleep blood pressure.

Trefor Owen Morgan

Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther | Published : 2010

Abstract

Blood pressure (BP) varies throughout the day owing to interactions between the sympathetic nervous and the renin-angiotensin systems. When awake BP is controlled by sympathetic nervous system activity but during sleep the renin-angiotensin system becomes more important. The lower BP during sleep is a more powerful predictor of outcome than the awake BP. Certain individuals do not have the fall in BP with sleep and this worsens the outcome. Inadequate handling of sodium by the kidney is an important factor preventing this BP fall. The different drug classes have varying effects on BP during 24 h. Drugs that act independently of the two controlling systems have a similar effect at day and nig..

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University of Melbourne Researchers