Journal article

Common genetic variation within miR-146a predicts disease onset and relapse in multiple sclerosis

Yuan Zhou, Ming Chen, Steve Simpson, Robyn M Lucas, Jac C Charlesworth, Nicholas Blackburn, Ingrid van der Mei, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Bruce V Taylor

Neurological Sciences | SPRINGER-VERLAG ITALIA SRL | Published : 2018

Abstract

Despite extensive studies focusing on the changes in expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to healthy controls, few studies have evaluated the association of genetic variants of miRNAs with MS clinical course. We investigated whether a functional polymorphism in the MS associated miR-146a gene predicted clinical course (hazard of conversion to MS and of relapse, and annualized change in disability), using a longitudinal cohort study of persons with a first demyelinating event followed up to their 5-year review. We found the genotype (GC+CC) of rs2910164 predicted relapse compared with the GG genotype (HR=2.09 (95% CI 1.42, 3.06), p=0.0001), as well as a near-si..

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