Empiric single agent or combination antibiotic therapy for febrile episodes in neutropenic patients: an overview.
GJ Lieschke, D Bell, W Rawlinson, MD Green, W Sheridan, G Morstyn, R Stuart-Harris, RF Kefford, J Levi, T Sorrell
Eur J Cancer Clin Oncol | Published : 1989
Febrile episodes during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia are a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Empiric antibiotic therapy commencing at the onset of fever is selected according to three principles: intravenous therapy is used to rapidly achieve bactericidal serum levels, antibiotics with appropriate antibacterial spectra are required, and combinations of antibiotics have been preferred for their synergistic activity. Initial empiric monotherapy with single antibiotics such as imipenem which have a sufficiently broad antibacterial spectrum in their own right are potentially as efficacious as conventional combination therapies. Granulocytopenic periods complicated..View full abstract