Journal article

A Multicellular Model of Intestinal Crypt Buckling and Fission

Axel A Almet, Barry D Hughes, Kerry A Landman, Inke S Nathke, James M Osborne

BULLETIN OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY | SPRINGER | Published : 2018

Abstract

Crypt fission is an in vivo tissue deformation process that is involved in both intestinal homeostasis and colorectal tumourigenesis. Despite its importance, the mechanics underlying crypt fission are currently poorly understood. Recent experimental development of organoids, organ-like buds cultured from crypt stem cells in vitro, has shown promise in shedding light on crypt fission. Drawing inspiration from observations of organoid growth and fission in vivo, we develop a computational model of a deformable epithelial tissue layer. Results from in silico experiments show the stiffness of cells and the proportions of cell subpopulations affect the nature of deformation in the epithelial laye..

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