Journal article

Natural killer cells and anti-tumor immunity

Sandra E Nicholson, Narelle Keating, Gabrielle T Belz

MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2019

Abstract

Immune checkpoint inhibitors harness the power of the immune system to fight cancer. The clinical success achieved with antibodies against the inhibitory T cell receptors PD-1 and CTLA4 has focused attention on the possibility of manipulating other immune cells, in particular those involved in innate immunity. Here we review the role of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and their contribution to tumor immunity. As the prototypical ILC, the natural killer (NK) cell has an intrinsic ability to detect and kill cancer cells. NK cells are dependent on the cytokine interleukin (IL)-15 for their development and effector activity. We discuss the role of the Suppressor of cytokine (SOCS) proteins in negat..

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