Journal article

The Apoptosis Repressor with a CARD Domain (ARC) Gene Is a Direct Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Target Gene and Promotes Survival and Proliferation of VHL-Deficient Renal Cancer Cells

Olga V Razorenova, Laura Castellini, Renata Colavitti, Laura E Edgington, Monica Nicolau, Xin Huang, Barbara Bedogni, Edward M Mills, Matthew Bogyo, Amato J Giaccia

MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2014

Abstract

The induction of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) is essential for the adaptation of tumor cells to a low-oxygen environment. We found that the expression of the apoptosis inhibitor ARC (apoptosis repressor with a CARD domain) was induced by hypoxia in a variety of cancer cell types, and its induction is primarily HIF1 dependent. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and reporter assays also indicate that the ARC gene is regulated by direct binding of HIF1 to a hypoxia response element (HRE) located at bp -190 upstream of the transcription start site. HIFs play an essential role in the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) under normoxic conditions, through the loss of the Von Hippel-Lin..

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