Journal article

A Short History of Hate

S Cubitt

George Orwell Studies | Abramis Academic | Published : 2017


This article analyses how the theme of hate depicted in Orwell’s dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four has been transformed in representations – from the BBC’s live television production by Nigel Kneale and Rudolf Cartier, in 1954, to Ridley Scott’s commercial for Apple computers in 1984. It goes on to consider the significance of artist Terry Flaxton’s video that was shot separately on the set and the meanings to be drawn from the interviews with east London skinheads who took part in the group-hate scene. The article argues that Orwell’s dystopian vision offers an inspiration for understanding how the nature of hate has changed from individual performance in community assemblies and mass ra..

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University of Melbourne Researchers