Incidence of Facultative Bacterial Endosymbionts in Spider Mites Associated with Local Environments and Host Plants
Yu-Xi Zhu, Yue-Ling Song, Yan-Kai Zhang, Ary A Hoffmann, Jin-Cheng Zhou, Jing-Tao Sun, Xiao-Yue Hong
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2018
Spider mites are frequently associated with multiple endosymbionts whose infection patterns often exhibit spatial and temporal variation. However, the association between endosymbiont prevalence and environmental factors remains unclear. Here, we surveyed endosymbionts in natural populations of the spider mite, Tetranychus truncatus, in China, screening 935 spider mites from 21 localities and 12 host plant species. Three facultative endosymbiont lineages, Wolbachia, Cardinium, and Spiroplasma, were detected at different infection frequencies (52.5%, 26.3%, and 8.6%, respectively). Multiple endosymbiont infections were observed in most local populations, and the incidence of individuals with ..View full abstract
Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China
Awarded by National Key Research and Development Project of China
This work was supported by grants-in-aid from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672035, 31371944) and the National Key Research and Development Project of China (no. 2016YFC1201200), as well as a National Health and Medical Research Council Fellowship to A.A.H.