Journal article

REPRESENTATION OF MEANINGS OF GENERAL TERMS

RC ANDERSON, B MCGAW

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 1973

Abstract

Describes 3 experiments in which undergraduates (N = 76) and graduate students (N = 84) were exposed to sentences containing general terms and then attempted to recall the last word of each sentence given single-word retrieval cues. Among 2 matched low associates of a general term, the cue referring to a case that resembled the most probable exemplar of the category named by the general term evoked the greater recall. Results seem to indicate that people use exemplars to represent the meanings of general terms, supporting an imagery theory of meaning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1973 American Psychological Association.