Journal article

Observation and Quantification of Mating Behavior in the Pinewood Nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Najie Zhu, Liqun Bai, Stefan Schuetz, Baojun Liu, Zhenyu Liu, Xingyao Zhang, Hongshi Yu, Jiafu Hu

JOVE-JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS | JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS | Published : 2016

Abstract

A method for observing and quantifying the mating behavior of the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, was established under a stereomicroscope. To improve the mating efficiency of B. Xylophilus and to increase the chances of mating observation, virgin adults were cultured and used for the investigation. Eggs were obtained by keeping the nematodes in water and allowing the females to lay eggs for 10 min. The second-stage juveniles (J2) were synchronized by incubating the eggs for 24 h at 25 °C in the dark, and the early J4 were obtained by culturing the J2 with grey mold, Botrytis cinerea, for another 52 h. At this time point, most J4 nematodes could be clearly distinguished as bei..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Special Fund for Forestry Scientific Research in the Public Welfare


Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China


Funding Acknowledgements

Najie Zhu and Liqun Bai contributed equally to this work. This work was financially supported by the Special Fund for Forestry Scientific Research in the Public Welfare (201204501) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31170604, 31270688, and 31570638). We thank Dr. Holighaus Gerrit and Dr. Danielle Hickford for their helpful suggestions on English writing.