Fluorinated anthracyclines: interactions with DNA.
KC Tonkin, RC Boston, RT Brownlee, DR Phillips
Invest New Drugs | Published : 1990
Four fluorine containing derivatives of anthracyclines (daunomycin and adriamycin) were synthesised, and comprised C-13, 1,1,1-trifluoroethyl-hydrazones of each anthracycline, and C-14 4-F and 4-CF3-benzoate esters of adriamycin. All four derivatives intercalated into DNA in a manner similar to their parent anthracycline. The ester derivatives exhibited 3-4-fold higher binding affinity to DNA, and slower DNA dissociation kinetics than adriamycin. This stabilisation derives from additional contacts of the C-14 side chain to the DNA minor groove. The hydrazone derivatives showed lower binding affinity to DNA, and dissociated from DNA 3-4 times faster than the parent compound. The 19F resonance..View full abstract