Journal article

Complications and survival following radiologically and endoscopically-guided gastrostomy in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Jean-Claude Desport, Tarek Mabrouk, Philippe Bouillet, Abuyaba Perna, Pierre-Marie Preux, Philippe Couratier

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord | Published : 2005

Abstract

In the natural progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a state of malnutrition often develops, associated with reduced oral intake, caused by difficulties with swallowing, adequate salivation, and/or anorexia. The placement of a feeding tube should be considered at the point where patients demonstrate swallowing difficulty and/or alteration in nutritional status. The goal of this prospective work was to compare, in 50 patients having definite or probable ALS, the complications after endoscopic (PEG), or radiologically-guided gastrostomy (RIG) and to evaluate their effects on survival. RIG was proposed as first-line therapy when patients had a slow vital capacity (SVC) less than 5..

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