The development of fatal myocarditis and polymyositis in mice heterozygous for IFN-gamma and lacking the SOCS-1 gene.
D Metcalf, L Di Rago, S Mifsud, L Hartley, WS Alexander
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A | Published : 2000
Mice lacking the gene encoding the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1 -/-) and heterozygous for the IFN-gamma gene (IFN-gamma +/-) avoided the IFN-gamma-dependent preweaning death of SOCS-1 -/- IFN-gamma +/+ mice but did not exhibit the good health of young adult SOCS-1 -/- IFN-gamma -/- mice. SOCS-1 -/- IFN-gamma +/- mice died within 160 days of birth with massive T lymphocyte, macrophage, and eosinophil infiltration of all skeletal muscles and a similar severe myocarditis. The cornea also developed inflammatory infiltration and often a corneal ulcer. The mice exhibited evidence of selective CD8 T lymphocyte activation in populations in the thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes and focal ..View full abstract