Allergic sensitization increases airway reactivity in guinea pigs with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
PJ Robinson, RG Hegele, RR Schellenberg
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Published : 1997
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes acute bronchiolitis in children and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of recurrent wheezing and asthma. However, few children exposed to RSV experience acute bronchiolitis or its sequelae, suggesting a subgroup of susceptible children. An allergic diathesis may predispose children to subsequent airway disease. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to determine whether a preexisting allergic state, induced by repeated inhalational exposures to ovalbumin, potentiates nonspecific airway responsiveness to acetylcholine and increases airway inflammation during acute RSV bronchiolitis in guinea pigs. METHODS: Forty guinea pigs were randomi..View full abstract