Intraoperative antinociception and postoperative analgesia following epidural anesthesia versus femoral and sciatic nerve blockade in dogs undergoing stifle joint surgery.
Andrea M Caniglia, Bernd Driessen, David A Puerto, Brian Bretz, Raymond C Boston, M Paula Larenza
J Am Vet Med Assoc | Published : 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesic efficacy of preoperative epidural anesthesia with efficacy of femoral and sciatic nerve blockade in dogs undergoing hind limb orthopedic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: 22 dogs requiring stifle joint surgery. PROCEDURES: Dogs were premedicated with acepromazine and morphine, and anesthesia was induced with diazepam and propofol and maintained with sevoflurane in oxygen. Prior to surgery, a combination of 1.0% lidocaine solution with 0.25% bupivacaine solution was administered either into the lumbosacral epidural space (11 dogs) or perineurally along the femoral and sciatic nerves (11). Intraoperative nociception was ass..View full abstract