Optimization of an in vitro assay to detect Streptococcus equi subsp. equi.
Ashley G Boyle, Ray C Boston, Kathleen O'Shea, Sheri Young, Shelley C Rankin
Vet Microbiol | Published : 2012
Streptococcus equi is the etiologic agent of a highly infectious upper respiratory disease of horses known as strangles. Bacterial culture methods and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of nasopharyngeal washes and guttural pouch lavages are used routinely to test clinical and carrier animals for the presence of S. equi but no definitive or gold standard test method has been shown to be optimal. We hypothesized that (i) a flocked swab submerged in ten-fold serial dilution suspensions of S. equi prepared in 0.9% NaCl would detect more colony forming units (CFU) than a rayon swab when used to inoculate a blood agar plate, (ii) centrifugation of a 1 ml aliquot of each suspension would improve the ..View full abstract