Journal article

Childhood constipation

Michelle Waterham, Jonathan Kaufman, Susan Gibb

AUSTRALIAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN | ROYAL AUSTRALIAN COLLEGE GENERAL PRACTITIONERS | Published : 2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Constipation is best defined as difficulty passing stools that may be infrequent (≤2 per week), painful and associated with stool retention. Childhood constipation is common, with a prevalence of 3-30% worldwide. Most constipation in children is functional and related to behavioural withholding after an unpleasant stool event. Successful diagnosis and management can occur in primary care, and specialist referral is only needed for refractory cases or concerns regarding organic pathology. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide a structure for evaluating, diagnosing and managing childhood functional constipation in general practice. DISCUSSION: Structured history and examination c..

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