Journal article

North Korean Secondary Asylum in the United Kingdom

J Song, undefined Markus Bell

Migration Studies | Oxford University Press (OUP) | Published : 2019


The number of North Korean secondary migrants from South Korea has grown markedly in the last 10 years. Drawing on semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, and participatory observation conducted between 2012 and 2017, this article explores the motivations for North Korean secondary migration and the role of transnational networks in the migration and settlement trajectory. Our findings suggest that many North Koreans in South Korea feel discriminated against due to their origins, and are unable to engage in upward social mobility. We argue that North Korean secondary migration to the United Kingdom (UK) is not a linear process of push and pull factors but a highly reactive and u..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Singapore Ministry of Education

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Singapore Ministry of Education (No. 14-C242-SMU-006). The authors would like to express sincere gratitude to Malgorzata Jakimov and Nathalie Mingboupha for reading our draft and offering helpful suggestions. A further thanks to the two anonymous reviewers whose insightful comments helped us greatly improve this paper.