Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
Emmanuela Gakidou, Krycia Cowling, Rafael Lozano, Christopher JL Murray
LANCET | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2010
BACKGROUND: In addition to the inherent importance of education and its essential role in economic growth, education and health are strongly related. We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years. METHODS: We compiled 915 censuses and nationally representative surveys, and estimated mean number of years of education by age and sex. By use of a first-differences model, we investigated the association between child mortality and women's educational attainment, controlling for income per person and HIV seroprevalence. We then computed counterfactual e..View full abstract
This research was supported by funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. We thank Brent Anderson, Jennifer Berthiaume, Haley Lee, David Phillips, Ella Sanman, and Annette Tardif for research assistance; and Majid Ezzati, Dean Jamison, Marie Ng, Stephen Lim, and Shane Murphy for helpful discussions.