Journal article

Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis

Emmanuela Gakidou, Krycia Cowling, Rafael Lozano, Christopher JL Murray

LANCET | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In addition to the inherent importance of education and its essential role in economic growth, education and health are strongly related. We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years. METHODS: We compiled 915 censuses and nationally representative surveys, and estimated mean number of years of education by age and sex. By use of a first-differences model, we investigated the association between child mortality and women's educational attainment, controlling for income per person and HIV seroprevalence. We then computed counterfactual e..

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