The dynamics and associations of airway neutrophilia post lung transplantation.
L Zheng, HM Whitford, B Orsida, BJ Levvey, M Bailey, EH Walters, TJ Williams, T Kotsimbos, GI Snell
American Journal of Transplantation | Published : 2006
UNLABELLED: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) neutrophilia has been repeatedly observed in lung transplant recipients with established bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Little is known of the fluctuations in BAL and airway neutrophilic inflammation post-transplant. This prospective longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the dynamic changes of lung allograft neutrophils with time, immunosuppression, infection and BOS. A total of 28, initially healthy, BOS 0, lung transplant recipients underwent 134 bronchoscopic assessments, including BAL and endobronchial biopsies (EBB) (with immunohistochemistry) over 3-year follow up. Subsequently, 21 developed BOS 0p and 16 ultimately BOS. Compared to con..View full abstract