Pain relief using smart technology: an overview of a new patient-controlled analgesia device.
H Rudolph, JS Packer, JF Cade, B Lee, P Morley
IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed | Published : 1999
A new adaptive patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) system designed to improve PCA through the use of a variable bolus dose and a variable background infusion is outlined here. The handset allows patients to rate their pain on a scale of 1-10. Data derived from the handset signals are used by an expert algorithm to repeatedly adapt the drug dosage of the bolus and the background infusion according to both pain intensity and patient response to previous dosages. A feasibility study of the system consisted of a small number of randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trials. The new system was alternated with a conventional system every 12 h. When the new system was active, 12-h questionnair..View full abstract