Evolution of regulatory targets for drinking water quality
Martha Sinclair, Joanne O'Toole, Katherine Gibney, Karin Leder
JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH | IWA PUBLISHING | Published : 2015
The last century has been marked by major advances in the understanding of microbial disease risks from water supplies and significant changes in expectations of drinking water safety. The focus of drinking water quality regulation has moved progressively from simple prevention of detectable waterborne outbreaks towards adoption of health-based targets that aim to reduce infection and disease to a level well below detection limits at the community level. This review outlines the changes in understanding of community disease and waterborne risks that prompted development of these targets, and also describes their underlying assumptions and current context. Issues regarding the appropriateness..View full abstract
Joanne O'Toole holds an National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Training Fellowship and Karin Leder, an NHMRC Career Development Fellowship. Katherine Gibney is the recipient of the NHMRC Gustav Nossal Postgraduate Scholarship sponsored by CSL and a Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University postgraduate excellence award.