Programming of formalin-induced nociception by neonatal LPS exposure: Maintenance by peripheral and central neuroimmune activity.
Ihssane Zouikr, Abdulrzag F Ahmed, Jay C Horvat, Kenneth W Beagley, Vicki L Clifton, Allyson Ray, Rick F Thorne, Andrew G Jarnicki, Philip M Hansbro, Deborah M Hodgson
Brain Behavior and Immunity | Published : 2015
The immune and nociceptive systems are shaped during the neonatal period where they undergo fine-tuning and maturation. Painful experiences during this sensitive period of development are known to produce long-lasting effects on the immune and nociceptive responses. It is less clear, however, whether inflammatory pain responses are primed by neonatal exposure to mild immunological stimuli, such as with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we examine the impact of neonatal LPS exposure on inflammatory pain responses, peripheral and hippocampal interleukin-1β (IL-1β), as well as mast cell number and degranulation in preadolescent and adult rats. Wistar rats were injected with LPS (0.05mg/kg IP, Sal..View full abstract