Journal article

Perilesional Inflammation in Neurocysticercosis - Relationship Between Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Evans Blue Staining and Histopathology in the Pig Model

Carla Cangalaya, Javier A Bustos, Juan Calcina, Ana Vargas-Calla, Diego Suarez, Armando E Gonzalez, Juan Chacaltana, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Siddhartha Mahanty, Theodore E Nash, Hector H Garcia

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Disease manifestations in neurocysticercosis (NCC) are frequently due to inflammation of degenerating Taenia solium brain cysts. Exacerbated inflammation post anthelmintic treatment is associated with leakage of the blood brain barrier (BBB) using Evans blue (EB) staining. How well EB extravasation into the brain correlates with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using gadolinium (Gd) enhancement as a contrast agent and pericystic inflammation was analyzed in pigs harboring brain cysts of Taenia solium. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three groups of 4 naturally infected pigs were assessed. The first and second groups were treated with both praziquantel plus albendazole and sacrifi..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by FIC-NIH


Awarded by FOGARTY INTERNATIONAL CENTER


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and by FIC-NIH training grant TW001140. HHG is supported by a Wellcome Trust Senior International Research Fellowship in Public Health and Tropical Medicine. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.