Varying evolution of the New Zealand lung cancer epidemic by ethnicity and socioeconomic position (1981-1999).
Caroline Shaw, Tony Blakely, Diana Sarfati, Jackie Fawcett, Sarah Hill
N Z Med J | Published : 2005
AIM: Tobacco use and resultant health effects have been described as an epidemic that progresses through the population. This paper aims to describe and explain trends in lung cancer mortality by ethnicity and socioeconomic position in New Zealand between 1981-1999. METHODS: Cohort studies of the entire New Zealand population for 1981-84, 1986-89, 1991-94, and 1996-99 (linking census and mortality datasets) allowed direct determination of trends in lung mortality by income and education. For ethnicity, we used unlinked census and mortality data--but with correction factors applied for undercounting of Maori and Pacific deaths. RESULTS: Lung cancer mortality decreased in males and increased i..View full abstract