Could mainstream anti-smoking programs increase inequalities in tobacco use? New Zealand data from 1981-96.
SE Hill, TA Blakely, JM Fawcett, P Howden-Chapman
Aust N Z J Public Health | Published : 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in the socio-economic and ethnic distribution of smoking in the New Zealand population from 1981 to 1996, and to consider the implication of these data for policies aimed at reducing tobacco consumption. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were taken from 4.7 million respondents to the 1981 and 1996 New Zealand Censuses and 4,619 participants in a 1989 national survey, aged 15 to 79 years. Smoking prevalence rates were calculated by socio-economic position and ethnicity. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence fell in the period 1981-96 in every population group. However, socio-economic and ethnic differences in smoking increased in relative terms. Smoking prevalence ratios compa..View full abstract