Psychological distress, optimism and general health in breast cancer survivors: a data linkage study using the Scottish Health Survey.
Janni Leung, Iain Atherton, Richard G Kyle, Gill Hubbard, Deirdre McLaughlin
Supportive Care in Cancer | Published : 2016
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the association between optimism and psychological distress in women with breast cancer after taking into account their self-rated general health. METHODS: Data were aggregated from the Scottish Health Survey (2008 to 2011) to derive a nationally representative sample of 12,255 women (11,960 cancer-free controls, and 295 breast cancer cases identified from linked cancer registry data). The explanatory variables were optimism and general health, and the outcome variable was symptoms of psychological distress. Logistic regression analyses were conducted, with optimism entered in step 1 and general health entered in step 2. RESULTS: In an unadjusted ..View full abstract