Journal article

Potencies of human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum and in vivo against murine malaria

KT Andrews, DP Fairlie, PK Madala, J Ray, DM Wyatt, PM Hilton, LA Melville, L Beattie, DL Gardiner, RC Reid, MJ Stoermer, T Skinner-Adams, C Berry, JS McCarthy

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2006

Abstract

Parasite resistance to antimalarial drugs is a serious threat to human health, and novel agents that act on enzymes essential for parasite metabolism, such as proteases, are attractive targets for drug development. Recent studies have shown that clinically utilized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors can inhibit the in vitro growth of Plasmodium falciparum at or below concentrations found in human plasma after oral drug administration. The most potent in vitro antimalarial effects have been obtained for parasites treated with saquinavir, ritonavir, or lopinavir, findings confirmed in this study for a genetically distinct P. falciparum line (3D7). To investigate the potenti..

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University of Melbourne Researchers