Journal article

Factors associated with prostate specific antigen testing in Australians: Analysis of the New South Wales 45 and Up Study

Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Albert Bang, Marianne Weber, David E Goldsbury, Michael Caruana, Jon Emery, Emily Banks, Karen Canfell, Dianne L O'Connell, David P Smith

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2018

Abstract

Australia has one of the highest incidence rates of prostate cancer (PC) worldwide, due in part to widespread prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing. We aimed to identify factors associated with PSA testing in Australian men without a diagnosis of prostate cancer or prior prostate disease. Participants were men joining the 45 and Up Study in 2006-2009, aged ≥45 years at recruitment. Self-completed questionnaires were linked to cancer registrations, hospitalisations, health services data and deaths. Men with a history of PC, radical prostatectomy or a "monitoring" PSA test for prostate disease were excluded. We identified Medicare reimbursed PSA tests during 2012-2014. Multivariable logistic..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia


Awarded by Cancer Institute NSW


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was completed using data collected through the 45 and Up Study (www.saxinstitute.org.au). The 45 and Up Study is managed by the Sax Institute in collaboration with major partner Cancer Council NSW; and partners: the National Heart Foundation of Australia (NSW Division); NSW Ministry of Health; NSW Government Family & Community Services - Ageing, Carers and the Disability Council NSW; and the Australian Red Cross Blood Service. We thank the many thousands of people participating in the 45 and Up Study. This work was supported by a Grant from The Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia (#NCG 4513). D Smith was supported by a grant from Cancer Institute NSW (#15/CDF/1-10).