Journal article

Unique mechanisms of connective tissue growth factor regulation in airway smooth muscle in asthma: Relationship with airway remodelling

Junfei Wang, Alen Faiz, Qi Ge, Cornelis J Vermeulen, Joanne Van der Velden, Kenneth J Snibson, Rob van de Velde, Sonia Sawant, Dikaia Xenaki, Brian Oliver, Wim Timens, Nick ten Hacken, Maarten van den Berge, Alan James, John G Elliot, Liang Dong, Janette K Burgess, Anthony W Ashton

JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE | WILEY | Published : 2018

Abstract

Neovascularization, increased basal membrane thickness and increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) bulk are hallmarks of airway remodelling in asthma. In this study, we examined connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) dysregulation in human lung tissue and animal models of allergic airway disease. Immunohistochemistry revealed that ASM cells from patients with severe asthma (A) exhibited high expression of CTGF, compared to mild and non-asthmatic (NA) tissues. This finding was replicated in a sheep model of allergic airways disease. In vitro, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β increased CTGF expression both in NA- and A-ASM cells but the expression was higher in A-ASM at both the mRNA and protei..

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University of Melbourne Researchers